Jute (Corchorus capsualris and Corchorus olitorius) is the source for stem (bast) tissue-derived fibre and is second to cotton fibre among
the commercial fibre producing crops.
Jute fibre is most affordable natural fibres (ligno-cellulosic) and is mostly used in making sack,
hessian, ropes and twines, mats and variety of other textile and industrial products.
Besides, it is an important source material for geotextile and composite particle industries.
The ‘golden fibre’ nick name earned is true worthy due to its unparalleled diverse use potentials.
Approximately 4.0 million (~12 million globally) farm families, mostly small and marginal,
depend on this crop. In addition, approximately 0.4 million workers are employed in jute industry.
On and average the industry turnover is around Rs. 10,000 crores.
India is the largest producer of Jute (~1.9 million tonnes) followed by Bangladesh (~1.5 million tonnes).
The increasing awareness of natural fibres over the synthetics has emphasized its genetic improvement through breeding and biotechnological tools.
Molecular markers are very important tools for breeding of any crop. Molecular markers,
such as genomic SSRs and SNPs were developed in jute.
The recent next generation sequencing (NGS) application such as RAD-seq and transcriptomics have generated enormous genomic resources in jute,
which can be effectively employed for identification and mapping of functional molecular markers, which are derived from functional product of genes.
These are highly potential to show direct association with variety of phenotype / traits.
For more details on jute check JAFexpert and CRIJAF under the "Quick Links - National" option.